Allergies are one of the most common ailments that we deal with. There are several kinds of allergies as people have these reactions to different substances. There are also different ways to deal with this depending on the irritants which cause the reaction. Before we look at the ways to deal with allergies, let’s look at what exactly they are.
What Are They?
Allergies are the body’s immune response to substances or elements that are usually not harmful to human beings, but somehow, the body has become sensitive to and recognizes them as foreign. Although the substance is not harmful, the immune system’s abnormal response to its presence results in reactions that manifest in different ways.
While there are many types of allergies, there are some that are more common than others. Most of the common allergies involve foodstuff such as nuts, milk and wheat among others. Many people are allergic to grass and tree pollen, an allergy that is commonly known as hay fever. Being allergic to medicines such as aspirin and ibuprofen is also quite common. Animal dander, flecks of skin and hairs that animals shed, are also another common allergen that affects a lot of people. When you come into contact with any of these either by inhalation or physical touch, they can cause an allergic reaction.
Common Signs And Symptoms Of Allergic Reactions?
As mentioned before, there are several types of allergies and as a result, there is a wide range of symptoms that come with it. The severity of reactions and symptoms vary according to the type of allergy and the level of sensitivity. The same allergen can affect two individuals differently as one can be more sensitive to the allergen than the next person, although they are both allergic to the same element.
Some of the most common signs of an allergic reaction include hives, digestive problems, sneezing, watering/redness of eyes, wheezing and fever. While most of these allergic reactions can be relatively easy to deal with, there are some that can be life-threatening. One example of a life-threatening allergic reaction would be swelling/blocked airways, a reaction that is common with most food allergies. It is important that allergic reactions are treated with caution as the severity of the reaction might be difficult to determine without advice from a health care practitioner.
How do you relieve allergic reactions?
There are different kinds of remedies for allergies, depending on the irritant. Generally, it is advised to stay away from what causes the sometimes but it is difficult to avoid things like pollen which is everywhere. Mild allergic reactions can be treated using antihistamines, some of which can be purchased over the counter at the recommendation of a pharmacist. If the reaction is caused by medication, a person will be advised to discontinue using the medicine and a different kind of medication will be prescribed. Steroids can also be used to treat allergic reactions.
Allergic reactions that result in stuffy/blocked nasal passages can be relieved with decongestants that are usually taken orally. If the reaction is severe, emergency room care may be required. If a person does not know that they are allergic to a particular substance and they have an allergic reaction, it is advisable to seek professional help before any medication is administered.